NREMT-B Simulator Audit Quiz

Question 1 of 10

Complications of artificial ventilation include:
  Gastric distention, increased likelihood of vomiting and lung injury
  Pharyngeal infection, nasal trauma and tracheal injury
  Over oxygenation of the patient
  Reflex bradycardia

Question 2 of 10

The respiratory center is located in the:
  Cerebral cortex
  Brain stem
  Pulmonary vascular system
  Autonomic nervous system

Question 3 of 10

Which of the following is true regarding the use of the jaw-thrust airway maneuver?
  It should be used after a standard head-tilt, chin-lift has failed to adequately open the airway
  It should be used on patients with a previous history of osteoporosis
  It should be used when the potential for spinal injury is present
  It should only be used on adult patients with potential head trauma

Question 4 of 10

When assisting a patient with an epinephrine auto-injector, the EMT should:
  Insert the needle at a 45 degree angle to the thigh with a glancing motion
  Press the button on the end of the auto-injector and then strike the injector against the thigh
  Leave at least one layer of clothing in place to ensure proper needle depth
  Hold the injector against the thigh for several seconds, assuring administration

Question 5 of 10

When properly inserted, an oropharyngeal airway sits primarily in the:

Question 6 of 10

An adult patient has received a penetrating wound in the right anterior chest. You note bubbles on the surface of the wound and a sucking sound when the patient breathes in. Appropriate treatment for this wound includes placing a:
  Triangular cravat occlusive dressing over the wound
  Dry sterile dressing over the wound
  Damp sterile dressing over the wound
  Three sided occlusive dressing over the wound

Question 7 of 10

When managing the airway and breathing of an elderly patient it is important to consider that:
  The greater elasticity of their lung tissues creates less total oxygen exchange with each breath
  Any number of chronic health problems may limit their tolerance for acute respiratory insult
  Their lungs contain less dead space, decreasing their capacity to inhale fully
  Many disease processes such as asthma are not considerations in the elderly

Question 8 of 10

Which of the following is true regarding patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases?
  Their breathing difficulties are often precipitated by anxiety or a stress producing event
  They often present with pink, frothy sputum and a wet productive cough
  They tend to “trap” air in their lungs and have more trouble breathing out than breathing in
  Their lungs produce large quantities of pulmonary edema, clogging their alveolus

Question 9 of 10

The following structures collectively comprise the larynx:
  The oropharynx, nasopharynx, and epiglottis
  The epiglottis, glottis, and vocal cords
  The main stem bronchus, bronchiole, and alveoli
  The trachea, carina, and main stem bronchus

Question 10 of 10

The patient is a 4 year old male with respiratory distress. You note a high pitched, harsh respiratory sound on inhalation. This indicates: