Wildland Firefighter 4th ed.
What is self-sustained rapid oxidation that produces heat and light?
Which state of matter will burn?
What is heat transfer through direct contact between objects of different temperature?
What is heat transfer through infrared rays?
In the NFDRS fuel models, ______ is one of the four broad fuel groups.
A mixed hardwood forest predominates in what region of the country?
Prairie grasses, cypress, larch, pine, fir and spruce are most common in which region of Canada?
What is the effect of heat energy from the sun on wildland fuels?
Lower ignition temperature
Provide an ignition source
Reduce flash point
Reduce moisture content
The diameter of a 100-hour fuel ranges from ____ to ____ inches.
2 - 4
3 - 8
1 - 4
1 - 3
"The rate of increase in the total perimeter of a fire" is the __________.
Rate of spread
Which item is the best example of a ladder fuel?
A deciduous tree
A low hanging branch
What is the term for fuel that is evenly spread out over an area?
What is the term for a sudden increase in fire intensity and spread?
What is the term for the top layer of an inversion?
Plants retain more moisture in cooler air than in warmer air because cooler air __________.
Holds less moisture than warm air
Permits the formation of dew
Is accompanied by less solar radiation
Holds more moisture than warm air
Fire location data is based upon ________ north.
Which is the most influential factor in making high-intensity fires especially difficult to control?
Susceptibility to changes in wind conditions
Pre-heating of unburned fuels
Rapid flame front advance
Tendency to create multiple spot fires
The NFPA Standard for Automotive Fire Apparatus is number ______.
What type of apparatus is especially well suited for attacking roadside fires and for structure protection in the wildland/urban interface?
Rapid intervention vehicle
Quick attack apparatus
Municipal structural apparatus
A type _____ engine has a minimum crew of three and a 500 gpm pump.
What is a disadvantage of auxiliary engine-driven pumps?
Poorly suited to mobile operations
The pump/drive unit adds weight and occupies space
Cooling water shared by the auxiliary engine may cause overheating
Susceptible to damage due to reduced ground clearance
When lifting water 10 feet during a drafting operation, the pump output will be about _______% of rated capacity.
Which statement about wildland apparatus water tanks is correct?
All tank vent openings must be equipped with a pressure relief valve
Tanks may be constructed of metal or polycarbonate plastic
No baffles are required if the tank capacity is less than 150 gallons
A vent hole must be provided in addition to the fill opening on the top of the tank
Which one of these factors has the greatest influence on maneuverability and stability?
Number of drive wheels
In a compressed-air foam system (CAFS), compressed air is injected into the __________.
Which statement about steps on wildland apparatus is correct?
Steps must be able to support a minimum of 300 lbs.
Access ladder rungs must be at least 6 inches away from the vehicle body
The lowest step may be no higher than 24 inches off the ground
Steps may be no farther than 14 inches apart
What is the most efficient way to transfer water from a mobile water supply apparatus to a portable tank?
Pumping water through the tender's pump
Using the quick-dump discharge
Drafting from the tank
By gravity through a gated discharge valve
The ICS designation for a light dozer is a Type-_____.
There is no ICS designation for light dozers
In wildland operations, what are fixed wing aircraft most frequently used for?
Suppression or retardant agent drops
Transport of equipment
Conducting aerial ignition
Transport of personnel
What is the preferred method of communication for wildland operations?
When carrying and using hand tools, how far apart should firefighters be?
Which tool has a wide hoe blade on one side of the head, and a rake with large tines on the other?
Which statement about two-stroke engines is correct?
They are no longer being manufactured due to environmental concerns
It takes two non-power strokes to produce one power stroke
They are less prone to spark plug fouling than four-stroke engines
They require a specific gas-oil fuel mixture to prevent damage to the engine
NFPA standards require that a pump intended to be carried by firefighters to a water source weigh a maximum of ______ lbs.
Which pump type requires priming?
All of the following are types of fire hose used in wildland firefighting operations EXCEPT ONE. CHOOSE THE EXCEPTION.
Unlined fire hose
Noncollapsible woven hose
Noncollapsible rubber hose
Hard suction hose
Which appliance divides a single hoseline into two or more smaller lines?
Which one of these statements about wildland helmets is correct?
The shell should be cleaned with a mild abrasive cleanser
A chin strap is required
A polystyrene half-shell liner may be used in place of a suspension system
No helmets satisfy NFPA requirements for both structural and wildland use
A water system that distributes water through mains from the source to consumers is referred to as a __________ system.
When drafting from a static water source, as elevation above sea level increases, maximum lift __________.
Stays the same
Not enough information to answer this question
How long should it take to prime a centrifugal pump drafting a 10 foot lift?
Less than 30 seconds
60 to 90 seconds
30 to 45 seconds
One to two minutes
Which type of foam is used most often in wildland applications?
The most commonly used foam for wildland applications is _______ expansion.
What is an advantage of durable agents over class A foam?
They retain hydration much longer
They have superior penetrating ability
They are also effective on class B fires
They have a longer shelf life
For most applications, durable agents should be mixed in water at a concentration of _____ to _____ percent.
1.0 to 3.0
0.1 to 1.0
2.5 to 5.0
1.0 to 5.0
Which document identifies the possibilities, priorities, resources and strategies for dealing with various possible emergencies before they actually occur?
Incident command system
Incident action plan
Standard operating procedures
Which map shows natural terrain features?
Which one of these standard ICS forms is of the greatest importance to firefighters?
Organizational assignment list
Division assignment list
According to the NIIMS ICS, effective span of control is ______ subordinates per supervisor.
5 to 10
2 to 5
3 to 7
Which one of these statements about initial response for a wildland incident is the most correct?
The first-in unit supervisor maintains command until the incident exceeds the supervisor's span of control
The IC and Safety Officer roles should be filled by two different individuals
Initial response for a wildland fire should consist of all available resources
The majority of wildland fires require more than the initial response to achieve control