Fire Exam Prep I & II 6th Ed.
What is the average number of fire service line-of-duty deaths per year?
Which term best matches the definition "Doing the right thing even though you don't have to"?
What is the term for a legal entity that establishes a fire service agency to protect its citizens and determines its organization and structure?
Authority having jurisdiction
Fire protection district
Local emergency response committee
Chief fire official
What is the term for an operational unit composed of an officer, a driver/operator, and at least one firefighter/EMT?
Where do the majority of firefighter injuries occur?
In response vehicles
At the fireground
In or around the firehouse
At non-fire emergencies
Which organization developed the 16 Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives?
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
International Association of Firefighters (IAFF)
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation (NFFF)
Which item meets the DOT requirements for visibility for personnel working a vehicle accident?
High-visibility safety vests
Any PPE with reflective stripes
All of the above
Turnouts with reflective stripes
The staging area is located in which control zone?
An SCBA tag system provides accountability for personnel who are __________.
Operating inside the hot zone
Inside the incident perimeter
Wearing breathing apparatus
Which statement about wired telegraph circuit boxes is correct?
They report only the location from which the alarm is sent
They are difficult for hearing-impaired people to use
They are less likely to be a source of malicious false alarms than other alerting systems
Their use is increasing in many areas
What is the primary function of a repeater?
Add private line capabilities
Increase the range of radio systems
Retransmit messages on multiple frequencies
Provide a back-up transmitter
Anything that may disrupt or damage the communication process is __________.
What is the term for a roll-call of all personnel assigned to an incident?
Personnel accountability report
Resource status check
Situation status report
Personnel welfare check
What is the volume range delivered from a 1-3/4" (45 mm) line?
60 to 175 gpm (230 to 665 L/min)
60 to 150 gpm (230 to 570 L/min)
40 to 175 gpm (150 to 665 L/min)
40 to 125 gpm (150 to 475 L/min)
A 1-3/4" (45 mm) line is suitable for all of these situations EXCEPT ONE. CHOOSE THE EXCEPTION.
When manpower is limited
When extra reach is required
Fire involving one to three rooms
When quick attack is needed
For which situation is a solid stream nozzle best suited?
Backup interior attack hoseline
How should a hot overhead gas layer be cooled?
Paint the ceiling with a straight/solid stream
Steady discharge of a fog stream upward
Discharge short bursts of a fog pattern into the gas layer
Pencil the layer with a straight/solid stream
What is the fourth of the Ten Standard Fire Fighting Orders?
Establish trigger points and make them known
Don't go in if there's only one way out
Determine the objectives and devise a plan
Identify safety zones and escape routes and make them known
What does the C in LCES stand for?
Which is an example of secondary damage?
Damage caused by forcible entry
Extension to exposures
Fire extension through void spaces
What is the best way to carry a salvage cover folded for a two-firefighter spread?
Cradled on both forearms, open edges against the chest
Cradled on both forearms, open edges away from the chest
On the shoulder with the open edges away from the neck
On the shoulder with the open edges next to the neck
Cornices, door and window casings, and insulating materials are examples of __________.
Typical avenues of fire extension
Areas particularly susceptible to water damage
Common locations of concealed fire
Which item is best overhauled outside the structure?
Which is the most probable indication of accelerant use?
Multiple points of origin
Burnt blankets and rags
Reduction of flames when water is applied
Several rekindles in the same area
Which component of the fire tetrahedron usually provides the best indicators of fire cause?
Chemical chain reaction
When should firefighters collect evidence?
As early as possible in the incident
Only when necessary in order to preserve it
Before beginning overhaul operations
On any fire of suspect origin
To protect evidence at the scene of a structure fire, the security perimeter should extend __________.
Beyond the farthest piece of evidence found outside the structure
Around the structure and the immediate surroundings
Around the perimeter of the structure
A radius of 1.5 times the distance of the farthest piece of evidence found
Who publishes the Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (THIRA)?
Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
United States Fire Administration (USFA)
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)
How does a model code become law?
It must be written by an authorized regulatory agency
It must be approved by both houses of congress and signed by the president
It must be formally adopted by the state or local governing body
Suit must be brought referencing the standard as representing a reasonable and prudent standard
What is the second leading cause of fatalities in residential fires?
Which category of juvenile firesetter is predominantly teen-aged?
What was a common application for cast iron in building construction?
What is added to concrete to make reinforced concrete?
Corrosion inhibiting admixture
Steel bars or mesh
Prior to 1960, what was the most common type of insulation?
What is an advantage of noncombustible construction?
It is the most fire resistive construction type
Walls are readily breached for emergency escape and rescue
Steel components are coated with protective insulation
Structural materials will not add to the spread of fire
In general, when exposed to fire, which construction type resists structural collapse the best?
Pre-World War II construction
What is heat?
The energy which produces oxidation
A product of pyrolysis
Kinetic energy in the form of vibrating molecules
Temperature increase resulting in fuel decomposition
What is the primary toxic effect of hydrogen cyanide?
Which gas is a common product of combustion?
What is the primary toxic effect of carbon dioxide?
Disrupts cellular metabolism
Blocks oxygen from bonding with hemoglobin
Displaces oxygen from the air
Blocks transfer of gases across alveolar membrane
Spontaneous ignition of a wad of linseed oil-soaked rags is caused by which form of heat energy?
Dealing with an unventilated compartment fire is particularly risky because of the potential for __________.
Spread to exposures
Undetectable toxic gasses
Fighting fire with water is an example of which method of extinguishment?
Neutralizing the catalyst
Chemical flame inhibition
Which is considered a supplemental or secondary form of eye protection?
Structural firefighting boots must be equipped with __________.
Water-resistant outer shell
Undergarments of which material should be worn?
According to NFPA standard, what is the term for a type of PPE cleaning that is done in a dedicated washing machine?
Which statement about air-purifying respirators is correct?
They use a closed-circuit system
They are useful in confined space operations
They may be used in oxygen-deficient atmospheres
They offer protection for particulate matter only
Which gas is responsible for the most fire-related deaths?
Which statement about primary search is correct?
The search should begin at the area where victims are most likely to be located
The search team should consist of a minimum of two members
Confine the search to those areas adjacent to the fire
Rescuers should crawl or duck-walk even in light smoke and heat conditions