HazMat Exam Prep 4th Ed.
In Canada, which term is used for a substance that is included in any of the nine UN classifications of hazardous materials?
By definition, a device that is intended to cause harm to a significant number of people is a __________.
Mass casualty device
Weapon of mass destruction
A vehicle transporting hazardous materials has collided with another vehicle. This is referred to as a haz mat __________.
Compared to other types of incidents to which first responders are commonly called, haz mat incidents are typically ___________.
Resolved prior to arrival
Shorter in duration
In the US, which term is used for a substance that potentially poses an unreasonable risk to the safety of persons and/or the environment?
Which factor presents the greatest hazard to first responders on any potential haz mat call?
Lack of appropriate PPE
Inadequate resources in the initial response
The presence of secondary devices
Failure to realize that haz mats are involved
Which US agency is primarily responsible to create and enforce laws designed to protect air, water and soil from contamination?
Environmental Protection Agency
Department of Agriculture
Bureau of Environmental Law
Department of Transportation
Which federal agency develops and enforces regulations designed to ensure safety in the workplace?
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
United States Labor Administration (USLA)
What does the acronym HAZWOPER refer to?
Operational priorities in a haz mat incident
The UN haz mat classifications
Federal regulations for haz mat responder operations
Approved actions for Operations-Level haz mat responders
Which entity must adopt a consensus standard before it can be enforced as regulations?
The local fire agency
The State Fire Marshal
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
The authority having jurisdiction (AHJ)
Unless adopted by an authorized agency, NFPA standards are __________.
Which unit of Canadian government governs dangerous goods response and training?
Public Works and Government Services Canada
Ministry of Labor
NFPA standard _____ addresses competencies for responders to haz mat/WMD incidents.
Methods or rules established by an organization for dealing with routine functions are __________.
Standard operating procedures
You are at a haz mat incident where there are contaminated victims. Which tactic is most appropriate for Awareness-Level personnel?
Perform gross decontamination
Remove the victims from the contaminated area
Control the source of the contamination
Direct the victims to move to a safe area
Which activity is permissible for Awareness-Level responders?
Conduct searches in the warm zone
Isolate the hazardous area and deny entry
Assist with decontamination of victims
Take actions to protect environmental exposures
According to the NFPA, which is a mission-specific competency for Operations-Level responders?
Collection of data from reference sources
Response to illicit laboratory incidents
Establishment of control zones and perimeters
Identification of material
The NFPA defines optional mission-specific competencies for which level haz mat/WMD responder?
Core competencies of Operations-Level responders are best described as __________.
OSHA permits Operations-Level personnel to perform offensive operations with which material?
Non-radioactive solid materials
None of these materials
Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)
Which is a core competency for Operations-Level haz mat responders?
Perform atmospheric monitoring
Assess the nature and extent of an incident
Victim rescue and recovery
What is the term for long-term health effects resulting from exposure to a hazardous material?
Contact with an irritant has caused coughing, runny nose and tearing eyes. What kind of health effect is this?
Taking actions to reduce or eliminate risk and harm caused by hazards to life and property is __________.
What is the term for a single exposure to a hazardous material?
What is the term for long-term or repeated exposure to a hazardous material?
Which is an example of a chronic health effect?
What does the T stand for in the acronym TRACEM?
What does the A stand for in the acronym TRACEM?
What does the M stand for in the acronym TRACEM?
What does the C stand for in the acronym TRACEM?
The combination of oxygen with another substance is __________.
What is the term for two or more molecules chemically combining to form larger molecules?
What is a cryogen?
A substance known to increase risk of cancer
A gas converted to a liquid at a very low temperature
Any substance that degrades human tissue on contact
A substance that stimulates the combustion of organic and/or inorganic matter
What is the term for a material that causes destruction of skin tissue upon contact?
A liquefied gas is one that, under storing pressure, is partially liquid at _____.
0 deg F (-18 deg C)
32 deg F (0 deg C)
70 deg F (21 deg C)
(-32 deg F) -36 deg C
A cryogen is a gas that turns into a liquid at _____.
(-70 deg F) -18 deg C
(-130 deg F) -90?C
(-32 deg F) -36?C
0 deg F (-18 deg C)
A cryogen or liquefied gas will __________ when released from its container.
Which one is a cryogen material?
Liquefied natural gas (LNG)
Which one is a liquefied gas?
Hypothermia is defined as a core temperature of _____ or less.
97 deg F (36 deg C)
92 deg F (33 deg C)
93 deg F (34 deg C)
95 deg F (35 deg C)
Black skin tissue is most likely to result from which cold injury?
What is the DOT terminology for materials that are transported at extremely high temperatures?
Elevated temperature materials
Thermal hazard materials
Which statement about radiation is correct?
Ionizing radiation adds electrons to unstable atoms
Ionizing radiation is more dangerous than non-ionizing radiation
Non-ionizing radiation causes chemical changes at the atomic level
Non-ionizing radiation is harmless to living tissue
Which is a type of ionizing radiation?
Which is a sign or symptom of a first degree burn?
Lack of pain
Which is a sign or symptom of a third degree burn?
Dry, leathery skin
Which form of radiation is stopped by skin?
Which type of radiation is emitted as photons?
What is the lightest material that will provide effective shielding from beta radiation?
A sheet of paper